Gynecomastia is an enlarged male breast condition, which is caused due to hormonal fluctuations. If you are suffering from this condition, then you need to get the proper check, to know the reasons behind this condition. Or you must read a given article to get proper knowledge about gynecomastia.
Testosterone is a male hormone that is responsible for the physical features of males. If a person is suffering from low levels of testosterone, then it will result in gynecomastia condition. Gynecomastia is described as an enlarged breast condition in males with low levels of testosterone hormone.
Understanding low Testosterone levels
Testosterone levels usually decrease when a person reaches the 40s or 50s. Low T condition is known as hypogonadism, and suffering from low levels of testosterone hormone, you may experience below-mentioned problems-:
- enlarged male breasts
- reduced libido
- Erectile dysfunction
- low sperm count
What is gynecomastia?
As we stated above gynecomastia is described as an enlarged breast condition. This condition is caused due to low testosterone and high estrogen levels. Male has two types of hormones including testosterone and estrogen. Estrogen is a female hormone which has the responsibility of breast growth in the female. And males only have few numbers of estrogen in the body. But if they have an excess amount of estrogen hormones and low levels of testosterone, then they will surely suffer from gynecomastia condition.
This happens only during puberty because boys experience certain hormonal changes. And old age people also suffer from this condition because of low levels of testosterone.
Causes of low Testosterone levels and gynecomastia
Underlying factors are responsible for low levels of testosterone and gynecomastia condition in males-:
- Anabolic steroids, if you are taking too many steroids, you are at greater risk of having male breast condition due to low levels of testosterone.
- Damage to cells in the testes that have a responsibility to produce testosterone
- Cancer treatment such as radiation and chemotherapy
- inflammation or swelling
- Certain diseases also lead to low T as well as Gynecomastia such as the pituitary gland and the hypothalamus.
- Testicular cancer
- An injury due to accident
Treatment for Gynecomastia
To get rid of this condition, you need to undergo gynecomastia surgery. This surgery includes liposuction, which is designed to remove unwanted fat deposits at certain body parts. With the help of this surgery, the specialist removes enlarged breast tissue to improve your appearance.
Additionally, you can treat low levels of testosterone with the help of medications include-:
- Raloxifene (Evista)
- Tamoxifen (Soltamox).
Other treatment options are available-:
- skin gels
Testosterone replacement therapy to improve sleep. Sex drive, energy levels, muscle mass, and erections.