Xerosis : Causes and Risk Factors


    Xerosis : Causes and Risk Factors

    Xerosis is the medical term which results in dry skin. Some of the symptoms include flaking, itching, tightness, and possible cracking. The problem can be managed with over-the-counter creams and taking good care of your health. In this guide, we are going to discuss in detail about the causes and risk factors.


    Xerosis is a medical condition that can make the skin dry. In most cases, the patient is given treatment which includes over-the-counter treatment and taking care of your health at home. If the problem is severe to chronic then the patient is given prescription medications. This condition is also known as Xeroderma as the problem is related to skin. 

    You should consult the skin doctor if the problem is getting worse and the doctor can guide you better what treatment you need. 

    Symptoms of Xerosis

    • Itching
    • Scaly or flaking skin
    • Rough skin
    • A feeling of tightness
    • Cracking or peeling, in more severe case

    If you notice any of the above symptoms then visit our skin clinic right away to get the best treatment plan. 

    Causes of Xerosis

    Xerosis when the skin will start losing its moisture and this makes the skin dry. The sebaceous glands create natural oil which is called sebum. With this, it makes the skin moisturized and lubricated. Sebum also helps in maintaining the sweat and body temperature. 

    Well, sebum is the only thing that keeps the skin hydrated. The skin also produces the stratum corneum layer which helps to keep the skin moisturized. Some of the substances are amino acid, urea, lactic acid, hyaluronic acid, and ceramides. Together these substances are known as NMF. if the skin natural moisture goes away it affects the entire functioning. In this condition, the skin is not able to keep itself hydrated and it becomes dry. 

    What are the possible risk factors?

    Dry skin problems can occur to anyone at any age. Some of the risk factors include:


    With age sebum production slows down due to which the skin will lose its natural skin moisture. This is the reason many people develop this problem as they age. 


    If the weather is extremely hot or cold, then it makes the skin dry. If you live in a low humidity area it will take moisture from the skin.


    Sometimes, some medications can make the skin dry. It includes certain acne and cholesterol medications. 

    Health problems

    Dry skin can occur due to certain health problems. If the person has AKA eczema, diabetes, or hypothyroidism then it leads to dry skin. Diabetic people are at more risk because it can make the wound healing to slow down. 

    Bathing habits

    If you bath with extremely hot water and use certain soap, it can make the skin extremely dry.

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