What is Vitiligo?
Vitiligo is a problem in which patches start appearing on different parts of the body which include eyes, inside the mouth, and the hair. This problem happens when the cells are completely destroyed that make the color (pigment) and they are known as melanocytes. The problem is photosensitive (the affected area is more sensitive to sunlight as compared to other body parts). In some cases, the problem remains stable for several months or years. Additionally, it is very hard to predict whether the patches will spread or not. However, patches are more prominent if you have dark skin.
What is the risk factor?
However, the cause of this problem is not known. But there is some risk factor which makes the condition worse. This issue is referred to as autoimmune disease which means when your immune system starts attacking some part of your body by mistake. In most cases, the autoimmune disease is hyperthyroidism and even scientists are not sure why this disease leads to this issue. Additionally, this problem destroys the melanocytes cell in the skin. Some studies have shown that the cell gets destroyed on its own. However, some researchers think that sunburn or even emotional stress can also trigger this problem. But all these things lead to this situation is also not completely true.
In most cases, people develop this problem in their 20’s, but this disorder can develop at any age. In addition to this, both men and women get affected by this problem. This problem is also related to genes which means if someone in your family had this problem then you might have this problem but it is not necessary also.
Is the treatment available?
There are a number of Vitiligo treatment available to reduce the visibility of this condition.
• One of the best ways is to apply sunscreen on the affected area. Additionally, there are some medicines also which can treat the problem.
• Another option is ultraviolet B (UVB), in which a small lamp is used and this process is done at the doctor clinic and the time duration is relatively long.
• Another option is skin grafting in which a person’s own tissue is removed and then they are attached to another area. This method is mostly used for patients with small patches on the skin.
• One of the other methods of treatment is tattooing in which pigments are implanted into the skin. This method works best around the lips and for darker skin.
No matter which method you choose it is essential that you consult the doctor first and make sure which method will suit your skin type and the problem you are facing.