Vitiligo affects around 0.5% to 2% of people all over the world. No doubt, the condition is rare, and some people have not even heard of it. Undergoing the vitiligo treatment in India can help you get the best treatment plan as the doctors are highly experienced and skilled. In this blog, we are going to discuss in detail the common signs of vitiligo treatment:
What is Vitiligo?
Vitiligo is a skin-related problem in which the skin loses pigmentation which results in white blotches on the skin. However, the exact reason for this condition is not known. Researchers suspect that this condition is an autoimmune disease that occurs because of environmental factors.
Anyone can have this condition, and both men & women are affected equally. This condition is more common in people with darker skin tones, and it can occur at any age. Most people have this issue before 40, and half of them are diagnosed when they are 21. It is important to understand the problem is not contagious at all.
Type of Vitiligo
Non-segmental vitiligo (NSV)
NSV can form in different body parts, and they might have symmetry in the patches where they are formed.
This type affects the limb or a specific body part.
Symptoms or Common Signs of Vitiligo
- White skin or paler patches
The most obvious sign of vitiligo is white skin patches. The patches are the reason pigment-producing cells or the melanin production is stopped which is the pigment that helps the skin to get an even tone. In many cases, the people have itchiness in certain parts before the patches are formed.
- Eye color changes
The eye color comes from pigmented cells in the retina and iris which can be affected when the person has this skin disease.
- White hair
Vitiligo patients have white hair and even the eyelashes, eyebrows, or facial hair turn white unexpectedly. It is possible, the other body parts on the skin can get affected.
- Inside of the mouth have white patches
Vitiligo affects the mucous membrane and this might appear as a loss of pigmentation with the nose and mouth.
- Another health-issue
One of the studies has shown that nearly 20% of vitiligo patients have at least one other autoimmune problem. This disease is linked to alopecia areata and thyroid disease With alopecia patients it is 31 times more common and with thyroid patients, it is 15 times more common.
Is there a treatment or cure for vitiligo?
Till now, there is no cure for vitiligo. But some treatment options are there to slow or stop the discoloring process and then some color to the skin can be returned. Some of the most common treatment options are:
- Topical immune-suppressing medication
- Cosmetic make-up
Depigmentation is the option for patients with extreme problems. The treatment main aim is to depigment all the skin so that the person has an even skin tone.