Vitiligo or Skin Patches and Treatment (Melanocyte Transplantation)
Vitiligo is a skin condition where it loses its natural color due to different causes. The problem may not pose a major threat, but it is associated with many psychological issues and loss of self-esteem. There is already a stigma in the public about anyone with vitiligo; that is, it looks nasty, and so on.
Seeking treatment from a dermatologist can help correct the cause in all patients
VITILIGO TREATMENT by MELANOCYTE TRANSPLANTION
Causes of Vitiligo
Genetic factors- where any family member suffered from the skin problem, there are greater chances that any other person may suffer from it too
Inflammation that leads to destruction of melanin- Melanin is a pigment that gives each one of us his or her own skin color and when there any unfavorable occurrence in the body, they can be damaged hence causing patches
RESULTS OF MELANOCYTE TRANSPLANTION
Where does Vitiligo occur?
Vitiligo can attack any part of the body, but common parts include the hands, fingers, around the lips, the toes, legs, genitals, the chest and the back. In critical conditions, the whole body may be affected, leaving one hopeless.
Cases of severe vitiligo are triggered by genetic factors, but more patients are battling the same problem due to sun exposure, burns, and autoimmune diseases.
TYPES OF VITILIGO
There are typically two types of Vitiligo which are Segmental Vitiligo and Non-Segmental Vitiligo
This type of Vitiligo is not connected to Thyroid issues or autoimmune disorders. It is where depigmentation occurs in one area of the body and it is common in children. It is witnessed when one or two area areas of the body and specifically in one region
This type can effectively be treated if caught at an earlier stage
This is mainly due to the autoimmune loss of Melanocytes which are responsible for producing melanin to give the skin its natural and normal color. It is generally described as a depigmented skin lesion condition brought about by genetic factors or environmental factors
This type of vitiligo can affect the whole body and is hardly treated. It will require intense treatments to at least achieve minimal results
Treating Vitiligo with Melanocyte Transplantation at Mohan Skin Disease Hospital
It has surpassed skin grafting and it is a surgical procedure used to treat Vitiligo, pigment loss, and Leucoderma.
Initially, the procedure required a dermatologist to extract Melanocytes from the normal part of the skin and then cultured for a period of time in the laboratory. They were then transplanted to the de-pigmented region to recover the normal skin color.
With the advancement of surgical treatments, Melanocytes responsible for producing melanin are transferred from the normal area to the affected area within two hours or three and a half. The latest treatment methods like Melanocyte Transplantation have eased the mode of treatment
CANDIDATES for Melanocyte Transplantation
Normally, they are grouped into two categories, those with;
- Stable Vitiligo- these must have endured vitiligo for at least 8 months or more. It is good to observe that it doesn’t change with time or increase in size
- Leucoderma patients- this may be due to effects of laser tattoo removal, piebaldism, or dischromia on the burns can also undergo Melanocyte transplantation.
Before the treatment
A consultation is carried out at Mohan Skin Disease Hospital to examine patients with their different Vitiligo problems. Treatment is administered or performed as per the extent of the threat. The part to be treated will be protected using bandage for at least 6 days
The treated region will retain its color after two months or less than that and as months roll, total results will be seen.
Will I overcome Vitiligo in Life?
Failed Vitiligo treatments are common and many in general, especially with genetics triggered vitiligo. Wrong approaches and treatments are the main hindrances to overcoming vitiligo in patients.
Any vitiligo treatment poorly performed or conducted after less observation and examination can reduce the chances of effective treatment. Treatments conducted by an inexperienced doctor can also reduce the chances. Meet Dr. Mohan to examine and devise the best treatment for you
Other Possible Vitiligo Treatments
This technique requires great skills to avoid major scarring and other complications. Split thickness grafts are performed as the doctor may find necessary
A blister is produced in the normal region and then transferred to the affected region after intensive cleaning of the skin. This method is time-consuming, meaning that it is suitable in case of small damaged regions
Side-effects of some treatments
Mainly there will be bruising and swelling after any Vitiligo treatment. This disappears after a while. Some treatments like skin grafting may result in scars, so a patient must be aware of the treatment options.
Infections are rare, but antibiotics are used to prevent or treat them
Generally YES. Skin grafting is a surgical method of removing the skin from one part of the body. The removed tissue is known as a skin graft. This surgery is mainly recommended in the following cases
- When skin grafting is the only way for a patient to heal
- In case of extensive wounding
- Cases where a patient is severely affected with Vitiligo
There are two types of Skin Grafting i.e. thin layer skin grafting and full thickness skin grafting. Each type is used after a major observation made by the doctor during a consultation.
This procedure is known as Melanocyte Transplantation during Vitiligo treatment