What is Alopecia Areata?
It is an autoimmune disorder where hair falls out in a large amount and creates patches. It is specifically a condition where the autoimmune system turns against its self and damages the hair follicles and cells. It can affect children and adults.
When does Alopecia Areata occur?
It occurs when the autoimmune system fails to differentiate between the cells to destroy and those to leave out. With time, the hair follicles start thinning in particular areas of the scalp causing the hair to fall out. The condition will also stop hair growth in those particular areas
Types of Alopecia Areata
Alopecia areata runs in two forms; mild or severe alopecia areata. Alopecia areata is divided into 3 types and they are;
- Alopecia Monolocularis
It is the immediate type of alopecia areata and it is characterized by spot baldness in some areas of the scalp.
- Alopecia Totalis
It is the loss of hair from the scalp regions.
- Alopecia Universalis
It is the complete loss of hair on the scalp, the facial regions like eyebrows, and from all over the body
Can Alopecia Areata be completely eliminated through a surgery?
The chances and cases are few since alopecia areata is an autoimmune disorder and there is a high speculation that the disorder may continue affecting the implanted region. A surgery is only conducted after a major observation by a dermatologist and perhaps detected that it will be the best option for the patient.
Treatment for Alopecia Areata
Effective treatments have been introduced to treat alopecia and they are very efficient. At Mohan skin disease hospital, alopecia is thoroughly diagnosed and treated to restore your hair. In the state of the art clinic, the following treatments are provided for alopecia areata
Other treatments for Alopecia Areata
- Steroid injections are the major treatments for alopecia areata patients. These treatments must be administered by a dermatologist after examining the scalp
- Diphenylcyclopropenone has shown good results from the patients affected with alopecia areata
- Oral treatments like Sulfasalazine, Prednisone, and methotrexate are used to treat the condition
Facts about hair transplantation for Alopecia Areata patients
- Alopecia areata patients area rarely candidates for a hair transplant
- When the biopsy is conducted and it shows no inflammation below the patch. A hair transplant can be conducted
- Patients with a small patch or small patches that have remained constant for almost 10 or 15 years can be helped through a hair transplant procedure.
- Not every surgeon can perform a hair transplant on an alopecia patient. Many hair transplant procedures have failed, so it requires a great and a more qualified surgeon
- As a patient, you must be aware of the possible outcomes as may be discussed with a surgeon
- It is challenging to deal with alopecia areata