Acne is one of the commonest skin disorder that males and females experience. Acne normally appears during puberty in females and males. After this stage, the problem may completely disappear or appear to a very less extent. However, there are individuals who will still battle acne throughout their whole life if no treatment is used. 80% of people in their lifetime experience acne due to different causes.


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What is Acne?

Acne which is also commonly known as pimples are tiny swellings normally filled with pus.

This happens when the pores on the skin become plugged and when these fade away, they leave scars behind. Acne is divided into the following categories;

  • Whiteheads
  • Blackheads
  • Pimples
  • Nodules

How is Acne Formed?

Acne usually attacks the face, the neck, shoulders, the back, the chest, and the upper arms. The formation of acne is thought to be hormonal imbalances in everyday life, but that is false or rare.

Acne is formed when the male and female hormones trigger or stimulate the oil glands and then acne is formed.

The oil glands are connected to the hair follicle (Pore) in the skin. The sebaceous glands make an oily substance known as Sebum, which comes out to the topmost layer of the skin through the follicle.

This oil that is trying to get through causes the cells in the pore lining to come together and speed up its shedding, which leads to the formation of a plug at the opening of the follicle.

At the end, bacteria will occur and take its course. It will grow and bring about inflammation, which makes the follicular wall to break.

The results will be swelling, redness, and pus

What causes Acne to occur?

There are common beliefs that Acne is due to diet, or hygiene. This is false; Acne is mostly a genetic condition that one can experience in case his or her mother has it.

Also, Acne is more common in girls and females

The actual cause of acne is not known, but stress and fatty foods can aggravate acne problems in males and females

  • Hormones

At puberty, male hormones are female hormones are stimulated. These include testosterone and androgens. This will trigger the oil glands to produce more Sebum causing acne

  • The Bacteria

The bacteria that grow in the clogged follicles may also increase the acne breakout. This will lead to the formation of blackheads on the face and other areas.

  • The belief about acne and contraceptives

It is a belief among some women that use of contraceptives or any other form of birth control method can cause acne when stopped. This is true to a lesser extent since there are women who also believe that the use of contraceptives prevents acne



There are counter treatments for minor acne while severe acne requires modern treatments since it also leaves scars on the skin. Acne treatment in India is performed by the following;


It is one of the latest methods where a substance known as Levulan is smeared on the affected area targeting the cane glands and a specific wavelength of light is directed to that area.

This method reduces the oils in the skin and the size of the pores

There are no side effects


Isolaz is a procedure where suction is used to expose or vacuum the pores in order to remove the debris (sebum). A regulated amount of light is used in the process to destroy the bacteria and the sebum


Combination Omnilux Light Therapy is a technique that increases the effectiveness of the light based treatments concerning acne. It prevents or reduces inflammation during the procedure hence clearing acne for good


It is a procedure where chemical solutions are used and they are normally sued with other treatments. Salicylic acid is one of the used solutions during acne treatment


It promotes healthy cell growth by killing the bacteria that cause inflammation. It also reduces the size of the pores there by preventing acne breakouts.

The procedure takes about 45 minutes


In this procedure, the dermatologist extracts the blackheads and the whiteheads, mostly those that have failed to respond to treatments.